Kenya remembers Road Traffic Victims by announced stiffer penalties to traffic offenders

  Government announced stiffer penalties to traffic offenders as it prepares to remember all those who lost their life on road accident on Sunday, 18th of November, 2012. The government has to put all that is required in place to honor the Road Traffic Victims as now most motorists are not familiar with the new Kenya road network especially the complex Thika Supper High Way.

The government enacts two new crucial laws to address challenges hindering the transport industry from being responsive to its needs. These challenges include conflicting laws and weaker penalties for traffic offences.
Reforms in the sector is hoped to translate into enhanced good organization, safety and refurbishment of order. This will strengthen the fight against impunity.
Implementation of the National transport and safety Act is aimed to better management of the transport sector and to attract investors. It is also meant to merge gains that have been achieved so far.
The national transport and safety Authority Act 2012 paves way for creation of National Transport and safety authority (NTSA) to spearhead discharge of policies in the road transport sector.
The functions of NTSA are to control the motor vehicle inspection (MVIU) Transport Licensing Board (TLB) the registrar of motor vehicle (RMV) and the National safety council.
NTSA Board is to be headed by chair person appointed by the president. The authority will be under a Director general Appointed by the Board in consultation with the cabinet secretary.
NTSA will be represented at the county level in accordance with new constitution indulgence.
NTSA will finance its operation through funds accrue from levy paid to National transport Authority and safety funds.
The Traffic amendment Act of 2012 is a disincentive to those breaking traffic laws. It will attract heavy fines, education of road users and safer road safety facilities.
Drivers will be required to renew driving Licenses every three (3) years. Inspector general will be required to gazette designate place to mount security check.
The law also requires the officer commanding police divisions ((OCPD) to be in charge of traffic matters and all police to deal with traffic offences.
A driver for a commercial or for a public services vehicle will be required to undergo physical fitness, eye and testing every three (3) years. Every driver would be subjected to a demerit point system for traffic offences.
Reckless driving attract a jail term of two years of fine of Kshs 300,000.Drunken driving attract a jail term of not less than two years or a fine of Kshs 100,000.If you are caught overlapping you risk a jail term of three years(3) months or a fine of Kshs 30,000.
The government has to invent ways to finance a trillion shillings budget even if to stiffen penalty.
In a statement to the media Hon Amos Kimunya the minister  for transport appealed to all stakeholders in the transport sector to support new laws ,this was announced days after the president of the republic of Kenya Mwai Kikbaki flagged the opening of Thika superhighway.
New law as are meant to bring positive gain to road transport and road safety but Matatu owners association are not happy with stiff penalties. Kenyans have to embrace safe road use culture to reduce road carnage.
Positive gains have been realized despite many challenges in the road transport sector .It has continued to play a crucial role in the commuter transport in Kenya.
The ministry has also developed laws to regulate common means of transport like boda boda, use of breathalyzer to check amount of alcohol in the driver’s breath and special speed cameras.

W.D.McNalley invented a breathalyzer 1927 in Chicago, IL corners chemist it found, its way to the Kenya road system though this invention was originally for house wives to test whether their husbands had been drinking Prior letting them in the  house.

To reduce traffic congestion within Nairobi and its environs, the ministry of transport encourages the use of high capacity vehicles and commuter trains as mass transport system.

The ministry works hand in hand with key ministries and agencies to automate all transport activities, transport integrated management (TIM) system is to facilitate sharing of transport information among stakeholders.

TIMS will provide reliable and efficient information to Kenyans seeking status of log book, driving license, PSV license and owner of the vehicle online at the touch of mobile phone button.
National curriculum for training, testing and licensing of drivers is in place to ensure qualified motorists only are permitted to have driving license. The Minister is confident, implementation of new laws and stakeholders support will make a better road transport sector.

Kenyans and stakeholders are urged to support the government efforts to improve road safety

East African Community Has Opened Brand New Headquarters in Arusha Tanzania

The East African community is working towards full implementation of the common market protocol though the outgoing chairperson Mwai Kibaki points out certain bottlenecks and teething troubles.
 The chairman urged partner states to hasten harmonization of their relevant national law as to be in cycle with EAC treaty for realization of intended goals as he hands of Chairmanship to Uganda.

The brand opened center of operations of the East African Community in Arusha is commissioned the Arusha –Namanga-Athi River-Namanga Road constructed as pillars of the steady growing E.A.C. This facility is intended to serve citizens of the member’s partner states and implementing agency is urged to operate according to the spirit of agreement.

Achievements are part of infrastructure developments the community has prioritized to realize, improved and sustainable livelihood of the people of partner states. In the last one term of Kibaki’s Chairmanship EAC worked towards establishment of one stop Border posts at strategic point to ease cross border movement for promotion regional Trade.

EAC through its Sectoral council on gender has formulated 2012-2016 strategic plans on gender equality and all –inclusiveness. The treaty’s commitment of partner states to develop EAC child policy that forms a common regional approach and realization of children rights.

The legislative organ of the EAC has passed several crucial bills in recent years that seek to fortify regional integration. Some mechanism has to be put in place for joint approaches to human rights, health, environment and good governance.

The community has secured two permanent senior judges based in Arusha. Court EACJ is meant to take services closer to the people of partner states. EACJ has establishing sub-registry in the various national headquarters.

These achievements have marked a year for the EAC integration and the community looks ahead to an even faster regional growth and success. The community hopes to realize a setup of single customs territory and towards envisage of political federation.

Sensitization campaigns have to be prioritized by EAC Affair as important part of the integration process. Citizen of the partner sates should make to understand and appreciate the benefits of the regional Integration Agenda.

Kenya handed over the East Africa community chairmanship to Uganda during the 14th summit of the EAC heads of state in Nairobi the week.

According to the outgoing chairman Mwai Kibaki EAC has made a greater progress in the Integration Agenda giving citizen of member states hope for economic and socio-political success in the future.
The chairman in his statement praised the common market protocol that provides opportunities for the member’s states free movement of persons, goods, services, capital, Labor and rights of setting up business and residence is progressing well, though there are more cropping tribulations.

The East African community has already begun benefiting from the establishment of the common market after removal of unrealistic restrictions to free movement of goods and people. This comes in form of Non Tariff Barriers (NTB)

Cumbersome road blocks and time wasting weigh-bridges along the EAC regions major transport corridors has made it easy for traders to move their goods within partner state cheaply and have maximized profits.

The move has attracted neighboring Eastern countries to apply for member as is hope of a better East African community in the near future.The outgoing chairperson of the EAC council of Ministers Hon. Musa C. Sirma looks back with pride and confidence at achievement so far recorded by the council during the last one term.

The outgoing chairman said the implementation of the EAC African common market protocol has made significant progress and East African now can enjoy economic and social benefits out of the common markets.

Sirma, further in his message to the press said the elimination of Non -Tariffs Barriers (NTBs) has been intensified through National monitoring committee (NMCS) citing recent dedicated session of ministers and on going development of a legally fastening mechanism on the elimination of (NTBS).
He commended Kenya for reducing roadblocks along the Northern corridor from 36 to five. This protects cross border traders from unscrupulous high-way control agencies extorting bribes from traders. It is hope for every citizen of partners’ states to see these dreams come true to allow the ripe the benefits of the integration.

The EAC has developed a centralized customs transit data system to improve and enhance information access and advance clearance of cargo in the region. This will make easier for trade to live and running in region smoothly. It also help congestion that in check points that consumes a lot of times.

The world is keenly watching the EAC Integration as Euro zone experience a crisis
. Will East Africa community be better than the Euro zone?

The minister expressed optimism on the East Africa monetary union negotiation saying it taken a steady pace since 2011. Already, 77 articles in the draft protocol having been negotiated.
With such progress Sirma is confident that the journey to the East Africa Federation is on the right and sure course.

The Acting permanent Secretary, Ministry of the East African community Hon.Chiboli I.Shakaba in his message wished the incoming chair of the coordination committee Uganda’s Permanent Secretary in charge of EAC affair, Madam Edith Mwanje Success as she takes over the baton of steering the committee to even greater success.


Kenya to switch off Analogue Transmission

The government has announced December 2012 as official date of migrating from Analogue to Digital terrestrial television broadcasting in Nairobi areas  and its environs. The moves been countered by complain to afford Digital migration though it is thought to more beneficial than Analogue.
 
Dr Ndemo cited ICT as one of economic pillars identified and expected to increase the GDP growth rate and carry on it. ICT is anticipated to play a crucial role in propelling economy.Migration to digital broadcasting ropes the Africans social development agenda through founding of more new jobs and generation of foreign exchange. It is also viewed as attracting direct investment to African continent.
 
The benefits of digital broadcasting scaffold is better picture and quality sound production more channel to viewers and better utilization of the scarce frequency resource.Analogue switch is probable to down gradually to other towns as the lesson in Nairobi is to be used to make the switch off to the rest of the country smoother.
 
Since setting up of digital broadcasting in Kenya, it’s  only up to ten towns that enjoy quality pictures and sound. It is projected to ramification to entirely country in the near future.The digital television committee (DTC) is a multi-stakeholder committee comprising members in the ministry of information and communication commission of Kenya CCK, Kenya Broadcasting Corp[oration , National communication Secretariat(NCS) and media owners Association being represented.
 
The digital Kenya Secretariat which is lives within CCK provides logistical support to DTC.In 2012 /2013 budget the government waived import duty on digital receiving devices to make it cheaper for the buyers but some consumers still complain of inability to purchase the gadgetThis was in line with the East African Communication (EACO) resolution passed in April ,2012 to lessen tax on set to boxes to make them within reasonably price.
 
Remarks by Director General of CCK Mr Francis Wangusi held the commission has licensed two digital signal distributors, signet part of Kenya Broadcasting Corporation (KBC) in 2009 and privately owned company, Pan African Network Limited in 2011. The duo are rolling out digital signal in the entire country.
 
Distribution has so far reached a significant number of major towns. Public is aware on the progress that has been running on air on popularity trends. For this  to happen,  the public has to be informed of benefits of migrating to digital broadcasting CCK  recently ran for last three months media campaign.Kenya has upgraded technology from Digital Video Broadcasting to Terrestrial (DVB-T) the upgrade is still climbing ladder to a more superior(DVB-T2) that provides better services with most favorable utility continuum that the better still head to come is the “best” of technology to entire Nation.Mr Wangusi acknowledge technological shift did have impact but he commends CCK has been holding engagement with those affected to reconcile the rationale and business sense of technological upgrade.
 
It is Kenya government initiative to migrating from analogue to Digital television broadcasting got from the decision made at the Regional Radio conference in 2006 in Geneva Switzerland(RRC-06). I t required countries in the RRC to plan area to migrate from analogue to digital terrestrial television broadcasting technologies by 2015.
 
Kenya seems to be on the better course to meet deadline.Wangusi commends the Africa Telecommunication Union (ATU) for the good progress that has been made so far across the continent in the (ICT) Sector. He added that the  commission shall continue to play an active role in the initiative of the Union.
 
Message from the ATU Secretary General Mr Abdoulkarim Soumaila who cited the global ICT trend runs through a dynamic change because of development and abundance of digital technologies with definitive aim of building a full digital economies. To have a say to digital economies and to the world in general is to move from analogue to digital terrestrial television broadcasting that seeks to revolutionaries TV in reflective ways.
 
Moving from analogues to digital broadcasting will provide cost effective likelihood to play a part in the digital world .It is meant to provide affordable means to partake in services from e-government to e-commerce’s.
 
Digital TV will revolutionaries  quality -of -experience by providing super quantity and quality if what is available on TV and to offer viewers with much needed choice. This fits well in ATU wider subterfuge plans and continued dreams .The facts that information  is a significant economic, Issues  the government has to ascertain  policies and outlines to address digital smooth movement  from analogue to digital broadcasting.
 
It is crucial for some governments in the African continent to take action in  migration  set up process for the continent to  move in one accord and to maximize the benefit from migration to digital broadcasting technology.
 
In  the Sectary General message , many countries in the continent have shown internet and have began to integrate digital migration processes on average but he cited  some countries in the continent still lag behind.
 
Secretary general of ATU is pleased to note significant progress made as result of two continental summit held in Nairobi and Accra in November 2012 and September 2012 respectively .He also commends two coordinately workshops successfully held in Mali and kampala.
“ Migration from analogue to digital broadcasting is a flagship project of Kenya’s economic blue print vision 2030.” Says  information and communication permanent Secretary Dr Bitange Ndemo in celebration of the 35th of African Telecommunication Union (ATU) /Information communication technology(ICT) day on December 2012.

How to make a good presentation with confidence

A presenter has to be creative enough to hold audience onto listening to him or her. Have ability and willingness to help the learners have a desire to learn .Unless you show this qualities at the first few minutes of your presentation, you may not win the confidence of your audience fully even if theme is more motivating to the learners.
 
Flexibility and readiness to change to something else that learner’s need in case they resist what you have just started is essential. This is the reason why a presenter has to find out prior presentation what learners expect to benefit from the lesion so that he or she begins presentation with expectation of majority of the learners in mind. That will place the presenter on better side to avoid unnecessary embarrassment.
 
Contributing own knowledge and skills to the development of the community or society and its members give learners a reason to concentrate to listen to what the presenter offers. The audience values a presenter as someone within something to offer. Application of the knowledge and skills you are teaching is significant than just fact you are pumping to them. For instance, to improvise items from locally available in case of inability to purchase commercials ones excite learners and will have confidence to the presenter. This makes teachings use locally available material more interesting and learners love working with the material they are familiar with.
 
Learners seem to trust an Instructor’s past and present deeds and achievement and what you do at present and what you wish to achieve in the end. Boastful profile during Introduction will do well.
 
Learning names of the learner as quickly as possible is important because it makes learners behavior well. By knowing them by names gives them sense that this person might pinpoint me to the authority or book mark me has ill behaved. If it is not easy to remember names of learners then it is good the presenter let them mention their names whenever the learner contributes answers or ask question. Identification by names or title is away to relate and make peace and so the presenter has to establish a lasting relation with the learner and be a peace maker.
 
Adult learners know what they expect from you as a presenter and so it is up to you to offer what they want. Younger learners do not know what exactly they want. It is up to you to direct them to achieve the goal and objectives of the lesson.
 
Participation is important for both adult and young learners. They term the method of teaching a learner- centered. This is where learners participate in more activities and the presenter guide the learners. This method has advantage because you can assess participation of learner.
 
In lecturing method it is hard to assess who among the learners was listening and who was just giving you a vacant stare.
 
I t is up to the presenter to help the audience develop understanding, knowledge and skills by providing promotional professional values. This is where learners see him or her as a role model to emulate. They will find value of giving the presenter a good audience and sacrifice the time to him.
 
Make learner belief that you understand importance of protection of human rights and they are save being with you as their presenter or a trainer. Learners love listening to presenters who are enthusiastic and with ability to manage assertiveness in a supportive manner. Recognizing and understanding how people learn is important. Having knowledge on how people learn helps trainers to be able to accommodate both slow and fast learners.
 
There are various learning styles. We have the reflectors who enjoy others doing activities and listen to others and offer their points. Theorist’s learners think logically. These are perfectionist who goes through the problem step by step. Pragmatists try every idea, techniques and theories if they really work practically.
Learning is surrounded on knowledge, skills, attitudes, understanding and behaviors. Educators say that learning has to bring change to an individual. If no changes then know that no learning has taken place at all.
The objective of the presenter is to pump new knowledge to the mind of the learner. If the learner has gained and is able to apply the knowledge in real life situation for example he is able to shape letter A or B then that is change and learning has taken place.
 
Sometimes learners take several lessons to write, to shape alphabetical letters or number but they are not in a position to draw lines to shape letters then no learning has taken place.As a presenter you develop a life skill to a learner. For instance how to be a good listener, asking questions and recording accurate information.
 
A change of attitudes is expected at the end of the lesson to the learner. The learner should be able to develop positive thoughts towards social surrounding. For instance how to deal fairly and interact with other members of the society. Accepting and following rule and the norms of the society is a sign of learning. Learners are expected to develop deeper understanding of the subject matter. interpret and apply rules to real life situation.  Participant’s behavior has to change by the end of it all.
 
A proficient presenter involves learners in the activities for their benefit. Learning has to be interactive and personal contact beyond delivering and receiving information. 
 
Eye contact with the audience maintains attention span enhances makes communication easy. A good presenter has to give learner time to express their view point.  Let learners say what they think and how they see matters from a different perspective. It will be easy for you to evaluate whether they have understood the lesion or not.
 
Apart from providing empathy the presenter has to plan, direct and control over the learners activities. Being organized and planning in advance in first place save time.
 
Learners play a role of participation throughout the learning process. Contributing to discussion and taking part in group work and manipulating of materials excite learning because we learn through all our senses, seeing, touching to feel, hearing, tasting and smelling. As learners interact with materials they explore the environment and get answers to curious mind.
 
Oratory is a quality for every presenter. He or she might not be an orator from birth but practice makes it perfect. Most public speakers in the world have at one time practiced hard to make it happen. You too can make a good orator with practice. It cost them time and energy to practice odd hours even staying in seclusion and to read to themselves at the tops voices addressing invisible audience, taping, recording their sound and latter listening to themselves just to be sure they pronounce well every syllable and their voices appeals to the audience to when they get to the Podium.
 
He or she has to be tolerant to conflicting information, and ambiguity and evaluating uncertainty .If you are not sure about something do not struggle to answer ,give the audience a chance to tell what they know about the questions as you prepare and offering yourself time to think.
 
Diversity of learners should be utilized well. This is so because they come from different backgrounds. Some asking questions because they may not be aware of their colleague knowing the answer. Some learners live with professionals and so they might have been told the answer before coming for training by a relative or a friend, read from some media or I have hard about it.
 
Beating about the bush trying to answer a question you have little information may cost you as a presenter the trust of the audience. Any good presentation must have a plan prior presentation. Learning is divided into three main domains. These are cognitive learning which applies to gain knowledge. It is a connection of thought and mental processes that is reasoning and remembering. Plan for motivational activities that leads to reasoning and remembering is essential.
 
According to Benjamin Bloom, an educational researcher, his ordered list summarizes cognitive to involve: knowledge, comprehension, analysis, synthesis, application and evaluation. Psycho-motor leaning applies to physical skills while affective learning is concerned with feeling and attitudes. Blooms lists competency, mastery and proficiency under psycho-motor learning this is where you find football genius and boxers. He lists receiving, responding, organization and characterization under affective learning.
 
Therefore when plan a presentation, your objective should achieve at the end cognitive, psycho-motor and effective skills.


How tasking is writing process

Mind of a writer overruns with a world of ideas. With his or her to do list is filled with personal proposal and work plan. He or she has several pieces of papers ,well organized with well researched pieces of information or business ideas.
Ideas come to the minds of a writer at a time. It is noble and almost a tradition for every writer to have his tools with him all the time. This is because you do not know when a business idea gets into his or her mind. The idea comes in as a writer observes situations around his or her. He gathers information by engaging all the senses.
Carrying a notebook to write your own idea before it get out of mind is something that lives in a writer’s thought .A writer  is always cognizant of  forgetting a point that is significant  in supporting this  or her statement. For the writers to hold any water it has to contain facts and attributed to source if the piece of information is to have value in it. A pen, a notebook and urge for information is essential wherever the writer walks at anytime.
There are two types of writer and a part time writer. This is some one who is engaged somewhere or does writing and working at the same. These are typically of writers in Africa.  They teach for instance as well as writing on their free time. Then a full time writer, a writer who specifically writes to earn a living out of writing and a writer who writes because he/she is passionate about it.

If you are employment or self-employed or you write out of passion. It is important to develop positive attitudes toward writing and have passion towards it and be a good time manager. A writer sacrifices other things she or he loves for writing. It includes waking up at midnight to write to meet deadlines against the will of his body and spouse.
Spending 14-18 hours a day and allotting only 4 hours to sleep and two hours to other activities .It is risking health problem related to not having enough sleep or straining a lot.One has to love researching on ideas as soon as the idea pops into his or her mind.
If you  are writing as well as doing another job, you need to be keen in keeping time because you have  to jot down an idea as soon as it pops  into your head  so that  you are  in a position to Google it later  when  you get time. Time is always on your side and there is a need to develop ways to cope with it. It is a rare resource you ought to use wisely. Otherwise you would be getting idea as it disappears at the same time.
Writing will serve well if you enjoy it. To write a story, an ideas or proposals the makes sense requires your full attention. Write-and-write and re-write and re-write for you to come up something of valuable. It needs your energy, your time and patience and perseverance come up with a selling story and a winning proposal.
Many people have made a living out of writing; creativity and uniqueness of their idea. It excites them to wake up out of their beds in morning to write. Sleep late in the evening to have something jotted down to a piece of paper.  If time is not managed well writing may dribble into the business that you earns you money at the moment specially working writers.
Anybody who writes and at the same time involves in other business is guilty of letting writing take over. You do not have to stop thinking and putting down ideas and proposals in pads. One has to find the right balance of current paying job and ideas that flows to his head and that keeps him or her up at night with excitements and plans to come out with something tangible.
If one has set working hours he or she has to stick to that because the biggest problem is sticking to time allotted to other business that earns you now.  This will affect your work and your writing business as well.
Writing is just like any other type of entrepreneurship that needs organization, management, co-ordination and planning. One has to be convinced that he or she would not postpone what he does for a living to write down ideas that might help him no soon.
What he or she has aim is to achieve in the end especially for the beginning writers.For established writers it is different. The lifestyle of a well set up writer is living and earning out of writing because he has already secured market for his or her writing. He enjoys his royalties has he writes and enjoys writing as well. Writing in itself is a form of entertainment.
One feels good when he writes. When he or she gets bored the first decision for a writer is to engage in writing.
Combination of working on ones proposal during the day  and not working on what earns him or her a daily bread may leads to getting less pay at expense of writing that  wont pay soon. It is just like going parting and forgets report on work on time. While writing down your ideas do not spend more time doing it while suppose to be working. This will  affect you  and even destruct the flow of ideas into your mind there is  needs to settle  your daily household tasks which is  a relieve and refreshing to you  and when you get into writing business you find ideas flowing as you get down to writing. One has to be focused and spend his or her work hours on the current bread winning activity no matter how that relate to your writing business. 
It is hard to concentrate on the current activities when you have not achieved or performed well in the former one. Your thoughts and concentration will be divided too. Underachieved activity will haunt your concentration and your thoughts might not flow to pads as you write. That will be an obstruction to your success in writing job. If you find your self sprawling off to work on activities that are not related to your present business, immediately stop and get back to your work.
Writing has a stress – relieving – benefits to a writer. It is good for people who can not sleep at night. Writing something things down helps they get a good night rest. It is so because once you write something down you no longer struggle to remember it. That means your brain stops racing and you can get a sleep after you are settled in your mind. If you put down idea to revisit later, it gives you confidence not to stop working to do research or planning. You wont have to worry because you are assured in records that some things you want to do are save for a later free time.
Let the writing spirit grow because you have reason why all these ideas keep on coming into your mind. There is a reason why writing excites you always and you are passionate about it. Keep on writing and nurture writing spirit and keep it flourishing. Have time structured well and forcing oneself to do certain things might hurt the excitement you are enjoy while writing. Write to keep the excitement alive as long as you have the spirit and passion.

What you are doing at present is important to sustain your living but remember writing could grow, develop and shape your career. It may lead you to a more fruitful and a happy life in the future. Keep on top of you current projects to earn a full concentration of your writing business. Never stop writing down your ideas because you have obligations at hand.
Always find time for it. Writing business needs planning and idea development, setting time a day, a week for writing is essential as it gives you a surety of progress toward making your own idea a reality. This helps to alleviate the feeling to make progress. It makes you attempted writing ideas when you should be focused on other activities because you are guarantee progress in future.

Writing helps one to express oneself, how much he or  she can communicate; writing helps one uncover more about the way he or she thinks, it a form ideas and thoughts that  allows you to work and plan for them better than when you let the ideas remain evolved in your mind. Writing translate one thoughts to other people, writing help in acquiring vocabulary of a languages as you always longer for suitable term to communicate you thought. Writing motivates ones towards positive thinking which is important to one healthy living.

One who is dedicated to the world of writing, he or she learns how form a language, how put together a plots, spellings and to make a logical argument. Writing is the important part of our life and it is a better way to relax. It is a suitable way to spend your free time to learn, entertain yourself and build a health living of your own self.
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How to help internally displaced persons.

In 1992, there were tribal clashes in Molo. Some individual from certain tribes lives were shortened. Their properties destroyed and they were forced to leave their homes. 
The land they bought with their hard -earned- money. These displaced Kenyans; some flew to Uganda for refuge while some parts of the country stable. Has the Kenya Government ever tried find out who occupied their homes and who does farming on their farms?  The government is too busy doing some important things than IDPs maybe. At least these people had land and homes established before clashes occurred.
I am sure the government of Kenya has never wasted her precious time to investigate on this issue.  It is the reason as to why clashes keep on re-currying every election in the country. It engineers some communities to force others to leave their farms and businesses.  In the mid 1990s in west Pokot District, used to be called before the promulgation of the new constitution. 
None were evicted from their homes. I expected the government act responsibly and to find out why these did left the land that belongs them to seek refuge in a neighboring country! If these people owned land in the area why the Government did allowed this to leave their home refuge? It is government the responsibility as to repatriate them, and provide security, let them go back to their former homes cheaply, instead of buy them land wherever else.
The claim always is, the forced out of the land is that, ‘they are taking our jobs and businesses and they occupy their ancestral lands’. Should the blame be put on some people for working hard to amass wealth? If you have lived in a place for long and you have not amassed enough wealth do not blame others for getting rich in a shorter time than you , instead accept your personal mistake and land from learn them to make better you, because not everyone waits for angel Gabriel to bring food from heaven.
It now a routine in Kenya, violence wait for approaching election or just after the election. This is because our politicians are planting bad seeds in the youth.  The youth are desperate for jobs, to win votes to fill up their ballots boxes. That is conclusion for our politicians and the arithmetic to gather more votes. 
 Many are thinking what will happen again come 2013. Our politicians should assure themselves Hague court if they try this time around. The youth will not just wake up one morning, get hold of pagans, rungus and match boxes to touch homes without being incited by an influential individual.
 The (IDPs) should not be bought land any where in Kenya. The government of Kenya should act by pushing them to return the land they used to live and security given to them. That is being a sovereign state. They should empowered to farm as they used to before post election violence .To reconcile means the conflicting persons coming together again and co-operate as they used to before conflicts.
 It proves how dedicated the government is in preventing any violence related with election in future. Secondly, it proves the government readiness to deal with any act of criminality and taking of justice to the people and protecting them. Letting the conflicting people apart is a sign of fear that they might fight again. It may mean the antagonism is still at large. 
The communities are still divided. Now that PNU and ODM are one Government, I don’t see why we should have (IDPs) because, the Truth and reconciliation was forged to healing the wounds. Unless it is just away make donors to believe. We are approaching another election and IDPs have not been settled and those in Uganda not repatriated!  It is now a way to win votes by promising the new settlement.
The government should provide security and these people move back to their former homes. These will stop people from thinking that they will evict others come election 2013. The selection of DR Willy Mutunga to head judiciary, Kenyans have had a lot of hope for justified in the future and justice reaching every single Kenyan. The recent purchase of mobile facilities for mobile courts to effects makes Kenyans proud of their government.
The good news is the monitoring politician from spiting venom in the name of hate speech to guarantee Kenyans safety come election 2013 but what is worrying is the striking of police officers. We all hope the government will act more good than worse in handling these striking junior officers.
To monitor social media communications messaging in trying cut back hates through face book, Friendster, bizoppers and twitter only to control the spread of hate messages but to not suppress freedom of expression and association. It is through these social networks that gave birth to Arab uprising demonstration leading to violence.
 Other countries like Neighboring Uganda tried to block these communications through these social networks without success. Blocking was not good at all because some messaging are of good intend, they should only monitor to strengthen security only.
By not acting the Government is giving those who evicted others an automatic win over the victims of this violence. They will always ridicule, saying, ‘ you see, we chased them and now they are refugees’. Those who burned others houses and forced them of their land, will assume they have recovered their lands and will encourage the delays title deeds issuance after selling a piece of land to someone and wait for approaching election to force the victims off their land so that they can not claim anything after election violence. This is ‘looting without fear.’ Not good at all.
The acts of criminality is likely to occur in the neighboring communities because they have eyes to see and ears to hear what others did and criminal escaped justice and can decide to do the same on their part. There is nothing that denies them to chase the neighbors who happen to come to that land later than them to claim their traditions in the name of our ancestral land. 
The best thing to do is to make the whole land to belong to the government. What is termed as ancestral land should branded another names. If not swept out complete because every tribe in Kenya, Came to Kenya, at least from somewhere; I e Nilotes from Sudan, Bantus from Congo Niger and the Cushites from Ethiopia and that is their ancestral lands. Kenya is home land form them all.
The Government should be sole controller of land. Citizen purchase this land from the government to a maximum acreage. Some should not own more than can even manage or even land equivalent to a province. Kenya is bigger than individual and no one is more Kenya than the others.
Buying (IDPs) land some where does not assure them security in the fast place .Others think (IDPs) are bad people and had right to be chased from where they use to live because of their bad behavior. Forcing them from where they used to live before post election violence should be treat as a crime punishable before the Law.   
Those who involved ought to be brought to books to assure Kenyans safety. Otherwise someone somewhere now is scouting on somebody’s land and he is only waiting for election ,2013 to get himself a free land, after all IDPs will bought land by the government in another province. They watching perpetrators walk free in street why not them. 
 They are only seeing ICC suspects acting Jesus. A good example is where  someone sells car to you , later He organizes a gang to rob back the car from you, the same happens with land , someone goes desperately looking for land to buy , come general election he or she is evicted and the piece of land goes back to the owner. The reason why we have government is to prevent this happening!

Kenyans long road in search for crude oil

It is a race against hope as Kenyans wait with bated breath as international oil companies extensively explore the possibility of extracting crude oil from both offshore and territorial wells.

Exploration data shows positives prospects that have been acquired since 1950. It has raised optimism that if the current momentum that is  intense in exploration is sustained, an economic growth will be made.

Petroleum exploration begun as early as 1950s with the first drilling in 1960 by British Petroleum(BP) and Shell exploring in Lamu embayment and ten wells were drilled. None of them was evaluated or completed despite of oils stains and presence of gas.Recently an Australian firm Pancontinental surveyed oil reserves in the Lamu Island .The firm has completed 2D and 3D seismics surveys on Blocks L 10A and L 10B . The firm has been licensed and drilling begins in two years time, that is 2014.

Other international petroleum companies that have showed interest in exploring crude oil in the country are Amoco that tried to drill Eliye spiring-1 and Loperot-1 located west of Lake Turkana and Petro-Canada International Company tried to drill Kencan-1 adjacent to Garissa-1 well in Garissa.

But nine liters of crude oil have ever been extracted at Loperot-1 well according to the existing ‘archived’ reports.Between 1985 and 1990, a group of companies led by Amoco and Total drilled (10) ten wells in wells in Anza and Mandera.

The wells were dry but with indications of oil and gas presence.International firms have since intensified search for oil and gas in kenya .Two firms recently raised hope in Kenya to have gas and oil exploited are; Tullow oil to start drilling process in Loperot-1 about 100 Km from Lodwar, Rift valley province.

The British Tullow oil Kenya says everything is in place to begin drilling the Ngamia-1 well near Lodwar,Turkana County.More than a thousand employees worldwide firm bsaed in London, Chief Excecutive officer,Aidan Heavey says the his firm has hundred major wells to drill in the next three years in South America,Asia and Africa.Although no prove of crude oil reservior in Kenya, the search continue to live and hope always high just in case, to boost the Kenyans struggling economy.

 It will also reduce over-depence on importation of crude oil.Australian firm Pancontinental intensify oil search survey along the coastline.The firm also has interest in extraction of oil in Malta and Namibia. It has recently received licences to initiate drilling in Lamu, according to report by chief executive officer, Barry Rushworth.Kenya has remained a hot spot for international firm oil Corporation despite of unproven oil and gas presences in the country. 

Although signs on the earth Crust indicate it existence.Exploration of crude oil have be left to international company as hopes growth high every year for Kenya to have their own oil.The scramble for oil and gas reservoirs has attracted even mighty French mulch-National Total to unearthed plans to reach for exploitation opportunities along the coastline of Kenya.Already it has establish working projects in West and southern African countries respectively.

Total recently acquired stakes in key blocks off the coast of Lamu,strengthening the return of Giant firm into oil exploration business in Kenya.The managing director  Alexis Vovk is cautious  of the company future in Kenya.” International prices remains volatile  and inefficiencies in the supply chain appear to be worsening by day interfering with the products to consumers,” says Vovk in an interview with Reuters.

The government formed National oil corporation of Kenya(NOCK) became in 1984.One of its major activities has been to spearhead petroleum exploration on behave of the Government.Up to date no commercial discovery of crude oil but exploration continue shading a lot of hopes to Kenya.

The Kenya government entered to a joint venture exploration program with petro-Canada international Assistance corporation in 1986.Seismic work conducted by KenCan-1 but nothing materialized.Laws were revised 1986 on oil exploration and production to provide suitable incentives and flexibility to attract international firms interested in Kenya to exploit the most valuable resource in the world today.

It was a good idea that brightened hopes of Kenyans.NOCK  has been to oversee the fulfillment of petroleum exploration obligations,providing and disseminating data from exploration activities,undertaking various exploration works and manage the storage and disposal on behave of the Government.

In spite of governments efforts no well was found wet up-to-date.The data avail at the center for storage of Seismic data shows that the NOCK has data for seismic survey,well log,well reports,oil exploration reports and aeromagnetic reports.The corporation also has in records on gravity data obtained in the country to date.NOCK has set up core and drill cuttings, storage facilities,rock samples retrieved during exploitation is available in the archive since 1990.

According to the data available on the National oil corporation of Kenya websites shows that the Loperot-1 well  penetrated  a lacustrine source rock with high Total organic Carbon content(TOC) and water was recovered.On a Repeat Formation Test(RFT) from Miocene Sandstone interval waxy was oil discovered in 1990.

 This show there is oil in Kenyan soil but not really exploited.Geological surveys of sediments in the north-eastern Kenya in connexion with search for oil and gas has attracted extensive exploration though no yet oil or gas see-pages.This is according to P.Jouburt, B.sc, a Geologist in the book he authered; ” Geoloy of The Mandera-Damassa area”; Printed in 1960 by Government printer.He further says the extend of the mesozoic sediments which naturally affect chances of discovering oil are important to recognize

.The continuation of  sediments in Ethiopia and the Somalia, and that the sediments of the North-eastern Kenya constitute a small portion of sediments succession.NOCK commissioned the Tertiary Rift Study in August 2000. The study ended in 2001. It led to quantification of potential source and reservoir rock units.The study shows that the areas of oil reserve were found out and Petroleum systems in the sub-basins i.e in Lamu basins.National oil corporation commissioned the Tertiary Rift Study in August 2000.

 The study ended in 2001. It led to quantification of potential source and reservoir rock units.The study shows that the areas of oil reserve were found out and Petroleum systems in the sub-basins i.e in Lamu basins.The organic richness and Petrological characteristics in found out in the prospected fields gives hope for Kenya to have their own oil one day.Different combinations of different sedimentary products on the prospects offshore and onshore indicates presence of Oil and Gas in The Country but the question is why has it taken too long to exploit ?

Patched geographical distribution of Oil and gas deposit throughout Kenya may make it difficult to extract these resources because some well little deposit that would not even cover the cost drilling.

If oil and gas is fully exploited in Kenya, the dreams of becoming a member of Oil Producing Countries be true but will benefits most, is it international firms or Kenyans ?At present Kenya do not have a local firm to exploit oil and gas in Kenya and even Kenyans readiness in terms of Petroleum experts and human resource and capacity may require outsiders.
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